Because of this rapid growth and dense shade, native canopy trees, understory trees, and shrubs can be smothered or killed beneath the heavy weight of this invasive vine. It blooms really well with age and if they are pruned regularly. Silky wisterias, also from Japan, deserve equal attention. There are over 150 wisteria trees in Kawachi Wisteria Garden, with 22 types of wisteria. This is a vigorous climber from Japan with vines that grow in an anti-clockwise manner. Copyright Often times, this plant also produces absolutely stunning reddish-violet flowers that look breathtaking. It is a famous deciduous climber with extraordinarily large, heavily-scented clusters that extend up to 30 cm in length. The original species types of wisteria, came from Japan, Korea, China, together with Central and Southern USA. It also needs regular pruning that helps control the shape and size of the plant and boost its flowering process. All the flowers in a cluster open at once, well before the foliage appears. Includes photos. This flowering period also occurs once the entire foliage is completely well-developed so when the flowers bloom open, they end up hiding behind the foliage. The American wisteria is obviously native to the United States, as the name suggests and is a highly popular choice among a majority of the northern gardeners who wish to grow a wisteria vine. When selecting which wisteria type to grow in your garden you’ll have a choice between Asian wisterias and American wisterias. Spectacular Blue Moon Wisteria Vine Plant 1-2' Tall Potted Plant Fragrant Flowers Attracts Hummingbirds 2-3 Year Old Plants, in dormancy 3.6 out of 5 stars 270 $24.72 These pendulous racemes typically grow up to 12 inches long; however, several of its cultivars have dramatic racemes that go even beyond 4 feet (120cm)! But there are enough differences between the type to make investigation worthwhile. Photo by: blickwinkel / Alamy Stock Photo. The gnarled branches and heavy, hanging flowers of the wisteria make this vine ideal for a nostalgic gardener. Wisteria is best defined as a breathtaking but aggressive vine that is likely to steal the beauty show in anyoneâs garden. Consequently, one can not eliminate varieties merely by color alone. Compare the five most common species below. Asian wisterias are popular due to their impressive flowers, but are aggressive growers. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. The Wisteria Festival is held there each year to pay homage to the vine. There are Chinese, Japanese and silky wisteria to choose from. Silky wisteria blooms best in full sun, and its flowers burst open all at once during the late spring season. Wisteria sinensis 'Alba'. Make a choice. Look at the direction the vines twist around their support structure. Many plants grown from seed can be genetically variable with any number of characteristics resulting in the offspring. It produces beautiful violet-blue flowers that grow clusters called racemes. See below Description. Wisteria Flowering Wisteria sinensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Clade: Hologalegina Clade: Inverted repeat-lacking clade Tribe: Millettieae Genus: Wisteria Nutt. This vine, along with its luxurious flowers was initially found in Asia. For bonsai the most common species are the Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and the Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) which produces the longest flower clusters. Unlike its Japanese cousin, this plant grows well in partial shade and often under full sun, too. The Japanese Wisteria has scented violet flowers that grow in the form of 1 to 3 foot long chain-like clusters which are called racemes. Chinese Wisteria/Japanese Wisteria Destroys Native Wildlife Habitats This vine grows very rapidly, reaching up to 70 feet with 15 inch trunks. This is one of the darkest purple wisteria cultivars that is famous for its spectacular tresses of sweet-scented violet flowers. They bloom best in full sun, and they are also heavily scented which makes them an ideal choice for you to keep in your home. The flowers bloom gradually over a period of weeks. Mainly grown in the Carolinas and along the East Coast. Phaseoloides Duhamel Rehsonia Stritch Wisteria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, that includes ten species of woody climbing bines that are nativ… The Kentucky wisteria grows to an average height of 15 to 25 feet and is one of the most cold-hardy species. Different Types of Wisteria. Synonyms Diplonyx Raf. Wisteria floribunda 'Alba' is a less-common, though highly sought after variety among dedicated gardeners, and has white, elongated flowers. Wisteria is a very vigorous vine that needs constant attention or it will take over the area in which it grows. American wisterias are tamer and still have gorgeous flowers. Wisteria floribunda 'Violacea Plena’. Woodlanders, Aiken, SC W. multijuga - syn W. floribunda W. sinensis - Chinese Wisteria "This is a beautiful vine native to China, and is one of the most widely used of the delightful wisteria. 1- to 3-foot-long chain-like clusters of flowers, called racemes. Heavenly scented, award-winning Wisteria 'Burford' (Japanese Wisteria) is a deciduous climber with a long season of interest. Photo by: Garden World Images Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. This plant grows really well under the full or partial sun and its flowering period goes on from late spring to early or mid-summer. Foreign varieties of wisteria include Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda), and Chinese wisteria (Wisteria Sinensis). The racemes, of the flower-growing clusters of this plant, are 6 inches long and really broad with a very strong scent and heavily textured flowers. They belong to the genus Wisteria, which is made up of ten species of which we will see the most popular below. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.Â We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. This variety of wisteria is known for its amazing scent and its beautiful showiness. Interestingly, all the flowers of the Chinese wisteria bloom and burst together all at once during May, well before the foliage appears. The leaves turn a striking shade of yellow in the fall season which easily enhances the beauty of any garden. The plant grows to an average height of 10-25 feet and some of its cultivars are available in pretty purple and white colors. Browse photos, get design ideas & see the hottest plants, Compare the different types of wisteria vines commonly grown in home gardens, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. . Japanese wisteria always grows clockwise. Wisteria is a genus of about five to seven species of deciduous, … Water wisteria is a hardy species, so it can be added to lots of different setups. It is also notable mainly for its unique hardiness. violacea. Its flowering period begins in the late spring and end during the mid-summer season. The good news, however, is that there is a far less invasive alternative to the Asian wisterias that is easier to control: American wisteria, Wisteria flutescens.This woody, deciduous climber is native to low-lying areas of the southeastern United States. The Japanese Wisteria is often referred to as the âvigorous climberâ that reaches to a height of 10 to 30 feet on average but can grow even higher than that. These flowers typically bloom in the early season along with their plush leaves. Phonetic Spelling wis-TEER-ee-ah froo-TESS-enz This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. . Wisteria is an ideal kind of vine for any nostalgic gardener who loves to grow heavy, hanging flowers with gnarled branches. It grows to a height of 10 to 30 feet and mainly grown in regions of the East Coast and the Carolinas. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) After a few centuries, they were introduced to the Americas and Europe sometime during the 1800s. Types of Wisteria. The flowers of this variety are a stunning shade of lilac with dark violet markings shaped like a pea. A reliable choice for gardeners in northern climates. It consists of masses of really long hanging clusters that typically go up to 40 inches in length. There is limited colour choice within the Wisteria Varieties. An interesting fact is that Chinese Wisteria twists clockwise around objects in its path, while Japanese Wisteria twists counterclockwise. There are several cultivars with different flower colors, like white, pink and dark purple. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? This wisteria is believed to be the most romantic of all the species in the wisteria family and is truly a show-stopper. When comparing the different types of wisteria, the choice often boils down to aesthetics and availability. Types of wisteria: When it comes to wisteria there are two types: Asian and American. Wisteria is in the pea/bean family. Has shorter flower clusters and is not as cold hardy as its Japanese cousin. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Chinese wisteria include: Like many other wisteria species, this variety is also quite well-known for its exceptional fragrance and ethereal beauty. Meet Wisteria frutescens, a sedate alternative to Asian wisteria that is native to the southeastern United States.We asked Peggy Cornett, Curator of Plants at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, for more information on this underutilized native treasure. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. In late spring or early summer, it produces masses of very long, drooping clusters, up to 16 in. Among seed-grown wisteria, some individuals may not flower for 20 years, while the average is about eight to 10 years after germination. It is also a woody and deciduous vine that has originated from the southeastern United States. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Japanese wisteria include: This is an award-winning type of Japanese wisteria that is duly noted for its beautiful floral display and its wonderful fragrance. Since it produces flowers just after growing for 2 to 3 years, it has quite a reputation for being the quickest wisteria to bloom. Interestingly, wisteria stemmed from Asia and then became popular in Europe, its largest variety can be found in the United States, particularly in Sierra Madre, California. These clusters are typically 9-12 inches long and are not as long or old hardy as those from the Japanese wisteria. The flowers of this wisteria are a gorgeous pale rose that are further tipped with the color purple. The leaves of the Silky wisteria have 9-11 leaflets, initially with silky hair that turn a gorgeous yellow-golden shade during the fall season. Kraunhia Raf. This wisteria species is generally not as heavily scented as the others, and it also has the shortest clusters or racemes in the entire wisteria family. The bean-like pods of this vine ripen in late summer and may even keep ripening till the early winter season. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. 10 Types of Wisteria Grown Around the World, 11 Types of Rhododendrons for Your Gardens, Wisteria Floribunda âRoseaâ (Pink Japanese Wisteria), Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects. It is very woody and strong, and can wrap around a tree trunk and destroy the tree. These species are less aggressive as compared to the Chinese and Japanese wisteria varieties. So, which variety of wisteria are you going to get for your home? Wisteria brachybotrys (syn. If you plant a wisteria, make sure you give it adequate support … Unfortunately, these varieties can be difficult to find at local nurseries, but you can often purchase them from mail-order suppliers. This is probably one of the shorter suckers which is around 10 or 15 metres long, and there’s not just one, there are many. Wisteria frutescens 'Amethyst Falls'. Chinese and Japanese wisterias are the most widely sold types. There are actually two types of Wisteria; Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria foribunda). It produces oval, elliptical shaped leaves with 13-19 leaflets that are usually bronze or pale green in color when young and gradually turn into a gorgeous yellow during the fall season. Wisteria leaves are distinct and identifying them is usually easy. var theDate=new Date() The seed and seedpod contains a resin and a glycoside called wisterin. However, they also are the most aggressive growers and are even considered invasive in some areas of the country. These stunning flowers bloom during late spring all the way through mid-summer and grow up to 50 cm in length. Commit this name to memory and look for it on plant tags: Wisteria frutescens, commonly called American wisteria.This species is native to the eastern U.S., and it’s hardy in Zones 4-9, meaning it'll grow in most areas of the country.American wisteria can reach dazzling heights of up to 30 feet, and spreads up to 8 feet wide. Often reblooms throughout the growing season. The flowering period of this wisteria begins in the late spring and goes on to repeat intermittently during the summer season. There aren’t many tanks that this species can’t be added to. Compare the most common types of wisteria. Blooming improves with age and regular pruning. This is another variety of Silky wisteria that is loved for its wonderful scent and its plush foliage. 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