Physical training is an important aspect because an educated Guardian would be of no use if he were unable to protect and serve. In light of both accounts of education and the dramatic progression of the dialogue, it becomes apparent that the whole Republic is an example of Socratic pedagogy. Having completed the discussion of music, Socrates moves onto gymnastic education. I… In the second account of education, Socrates says that the best education should be more like play than work (536d). Instead, knowledge of "the good" must be absolute; Socrates says, "When it comes to good things, no one is satisfied with what is opined to be so but each seeks the things that are" (505d). The three forms of storytelling are dramatic, tragedy, and comedy. By not rebuking Glaucon, Socrates allows him to steer the discussion with the hope that he will come to the truth on his own rather than by force. If we were too spirited, we would become overly aggressive. Although Socrates presents two explicit methods of education in the Republic, his preferred pedagogical method is difficult to identify because of the dramatic context of the dialogue. Education Essay Writing, Education Research Papers, Term Papers, Dissertation Help. The heroes told in stories should be brave, unafraid of death, and are not dependent on others. I chose this topic because it is of interest to me since I am going to work in the field of education. Plato view of education is for the good of the individual and for the safety of the state. The answer, Plato believed, was to rely upon the value of a good education. Changes sometimes have to be made to literature and music in order to produce a noble warrior. Thus, through a rigorous philosophical education, the city unshackles individuals and leads them out of the cave of ignorance and into the light of knowledge so that they are eventually able to go back into the cave and teach others. According to Socrates, virtue is knowledge. The study of complex, elusive concepts pushes one to study what is permanent and perfect. We'll have an opportunity to consider his notions about higher education later, but his plan for the elementary education of guardians for the ideal state appears in Book III. The warriors must obey the rulers. Socrates describes a cave in which humans are chained from birth facing a wall. The answer, Plato believed, was to rely upon the value of a good education. Remarkably, in the guardian's education, no one, not even a judge, was permitted exposure to the truth at this young an age. The answer, Plato believed, was to rely upon the value of a good education. Philosopher king, idea according to which the best form of government is that in which philosophers rule.The ideal of a philosopher king was born in Plato’s dialogue Republic as part of the vision of a just city. As a compromise, Socrates agrees to tell Glaucon of something similar to the good but less complicated (507a). Plato regards education as a means to achieve justice, both individual justice and social justice. Plato himself best tells the purpose of education in literature and music. For the Greeks and Plato, excellence is virtue. This ability to distinguish between good and bad without ever having been directly exposed to the bad is the intended result of the guardians' education. Not only is mathematics useful for practical matters, but its abstractness causes students to exercise their intellect and ask questions about what really is. . Socrates shows him that with the proper education, a life of noble virtue, including "moderation, courage, liberality, and magnificence" (402c) but excluding sex and excessive pleasure, will be fulfilling. Older, educated men, however, "will discuss and consider the truth rather than the one who plays and contradicts for the sake of the game" (539d). Only simple instruments such as the lyre, cither, and pipe are permitted (399d). The ability to know is always within man--never faltering, but useful only depending on whether it is focused on the truth (518e). Despite slightly relinquishing control, Socrates still subtly guides Glaucon and Adeimantus toward the truth by making the luxurious city and its guardians' education ludicrous. The new importance of truth and what is also contrasts with the first account's use of lies in educating the guardians. The first part of their education would be on literature. . Simply by aiming for true knowledge, this education is more philosophical and Socratic than the first. And thus always educating other like men and leaving them behind in their place as guardians of the city, they go off to the Isles of the Blessed and dwell (540a-b). Socrates' style of questioning/answering and refuting arguments also gains meaning after his discussion of the philosopher's return to the cave and dialectics. Play must have serious intentions; poetry must only imitate what is good, pointing beyond the petty troubles of men to the eternal pursuit of justice and philosophy, and children must not be allowed to play with dialectics before they are able to do so responsibly for fear they will be corrupted and become lawless (538). Those who excel in their studies, war, and other duties will be chosen at age thirty to be tested in dialectics to determine "who is able to release himself from the eyes and the rest of sense and go to what which is in itself and accompanies truth" (437d). According to Plato, individual justice can be obtained when each individual develops his or her ability to the fullest. Dialectics are also to be studied. The tales deemed unfit for a child to hear would be discarded. The philosopher's descent into the cave hearkens back the first line of the book, "I went down to the Piraeus yesterday with Glaucon" (327a). Quick, fiery natures suited to music are usually too unstable for courage in the face of war, and trustworthy, brave natures that excel in war are often slow intellectually (503c-d). The good is a higher reality and is responsible for our capacity to reason, as well as our very "existence and being" (509b). In Plato’s theory of the guardian class the state may end up serving the guardians and education may become the primary goal, instead of the well being of the population. Philosophers cannot stay in the light forever and the cave cannot be eliminated, or else lawlessness would prevail and the city would be destroyed. The final part of education would be the physical training of the warrior. After gaining an understanding of the two accounts, the paper will analyze them in relation to Socrates' own pedagogical method, and thereby unveil the ideals of Socratic education. He shows Glaucon what would happen if a prisoner was unchained and allowed to leave the cave and see reality. The third principle of literature is the stories of heroes. If certain natures are necessary for education, then all those who are educated are deemed superior in both nature and education. Socrates makes the discussion of justice interesting by playing "make believe" with Glaucon and Adeimantus. Ideal Characteristics of Plato's Guardians 1393 Words | 6 Pages. Women of the guardian class are indeed to be given the same education as men, but they will become the “companions and colleagues” of their guardian husbands.
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