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how to write discussion in research paper

how to write discussion in research paper

The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance. How To Write A Scholarly Research Report - Pareonline Get Organized, Lists, Outlines, Notecards, etc Before starting to write the paper , take the time to think about and develop a list of points. Discussion of how to understand and write different sections of a scientific paper. This should be no more than one paragraph. The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of your study of the problem. Start by taking a side, researching your topic, and outlining your essay It is what all of your hard-work of writing the hypothesis, collecting and designing the data, conducting the statistical analysis of graphs and preparing the summary sums up to. This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. Example: Robot navigation system has to handle large amount of uncertain data in real life environment. The discussion section of a research paper has a sole purpose of explaining every single step from initiation of the research to the result. The results and discussion are (relatively) cut and dried. Why the Impact Factor of a journal is important? Make Suggestions for Further Research. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2009. For a good structure and organization of your research’s discussion and conclusion, keep in mind these aspects: 1. Proposed predictor is able to generate results suitable for real life situations. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph. It is important to plan this section carefully as it may contain a large amount of scientific data that needs to be presented in a clear and concise fashion. Based on the results obtained it can be concluded that the Fuzzy predictor with MOM defuzzification has less relative error and quick response time as compared to other prediction  techniques. This should be no more than one paragraph. Reiterate the Research Problem/State the Major Findings, Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important. George Mason University; Discussion. This blog discusses research paper example to help you write better. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. Annual Review of Psychology 49 (February 1998): 259-287. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap. The researcher has to; • Begin with explaining the objective of the research, followed by what inspired you as a researcher to study the subject. In the results section of your paper, you need to list what you have discovered. University College Writing Centre. American Psychological Association, Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper, Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section, Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. In addition, the discussion should be used to support the implications of the authors findings and convincingly showcase the novelty of the study. In an ideal world, you could simply reject your null or alternative hypotheses according to the significance levels found by the statistics.That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that. It is assumed that, the environment is observed through stereo vision technique. These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes: Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: The objectives of your discussion section should include the following: Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. It should present the facts that relates the research to studies done on the same subject. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. This doesnt necessarily reflect the order in. The Discussion section of a quantitative paper is where you interpret your research results and discuss their implications. The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: Annesley Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674; Bitchener, John and Helen Basturkmen. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research. Example : Figure 5 in the results section represent the average relative error observed for the prediction algorithm for various test cases using Min Max, MOM and COA defuzzification techniques. Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. Before concluding the discussion, identify potential. University of Toronto; Sauaia, A. et al. The first paragraph should have the findings mentioned, which is expected to be synoptic, naming and briefly describing the analysis of results. If your experiment confirmed your hypothesis, save the discussion about that for the discussion section. How to write a conclusion for a research paper: simple hints One of the best ways to understand the task and master all of its peculiarities is talking to experts and tutors. As noted, the exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be to begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings. American Psychological Association gradPSYCH Magazine (January 2006). It is observed that the predictor with MOM defuzzification performs better in terms of response time and less relative error. The response time of the predictor for all the objects should be acceptable for real-life applications. VI. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. Top 05 Questions a Researcher May face in his PhD Defence. When writing a discussion for a lab report, your first step is to double-check the guidelines for the outline of your document. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. Don’t just repeat all the data you have already reported – aim for a clear statement of the overall result that directly answers your main research question. Sometimes your professor will encourage you to expand your discussion of the results in this way, while others don’t care what your opinion is beyond your effort to interpret the data in relation to the research problem. The first rule that applies to writing your discussion is therefore to allow enough time to give it the credit that it deserve. It has to be presented in an understandable and intriguing way to the readers who are interested in studying the analysis of results. University of North Carolina; Schafer, Mickey S. Writing the Discussion. It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove. 2. ", One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. There are no specific requirements for the discussion formatting. State how the findings from your study revealed and helped fill gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described; and. We're not around right now. The discussion should have this major factors listed before beginning to describe about how the research was conceived and the sequence of developments that took place. My passion for basketball essay to a paper How write discussion for research a pdf student should not work part time job essay. Here the hypotheses as well as the research questions established in the introductory material are It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. The Discussion section represents the analysis of your research paper. Join now The first part of this post briefly described what to include in the introduction and materials and methods sections of a typical research paper written in the IMRaD format (Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, and Discussion). Relate the Findings to Similar Studies, No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. "Discussing Your Findings." Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed. Lund Research Ltd., 2012; Summary: Using it Wisely. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. How to write an effective research paper getting ready with data first draft structure of a scientific paper selecting a journal submission. Step 19: Write Discussion and Conclusion The second to last step in conducting a research study is to interpret the findings in the Discussion section, draw conclusions, and make recommendations. The results and discussion sections are one of the challenging sections to write. A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies. You may choose to conclude the discussion section by making suggestions for further research [this can be done in the overall conclusion of your paper]. You don’t want to force the reader to go through the paper multiple times to figure out what it all means. How to write a myself essay argumentative essay about use of social Just a small amount of writing to go from this point. How To Write Discussion Section In Medical Research Paper Latest posts can be the article writing short articles, coaching classes. 3. Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. Use the same terms, academic writing style that was used throughout your research paper 3. Department of Biology. A researcher always has companions and competitors. "Biases in the Interpretation and Use of Research Results." Overall, that's how I distinguish Discussion from Results (linkage to broader works Department of English Writing Guide. If you need to know the requirements for a speci… 4. Engage the reader in thinking critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information. If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding. How to write a discussion on research paper rating 4-5 stars based on 124 reviews Stress research essay veteran college essay examples what is your dream job and why essay, plan dissertation 1ere guerre mondiale main body of argumentative essay , importance of sociological theory essay essay on friends happiness. • Explain the meaning of the findings, as every reader might not understand the analysis of graphs and charts as easily as                people who are in the same field as you. Reiterate the Research Problem/State the Major Findings. "The Anatomy of an Article: The Discussion Section: "How Does the Article I Read Today Change What I Will Recommend to my Patients Tomorrow?” The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 74 (June 2013): 1599-1602; Research Limitations & Future Research. Your discussion section allows you to take a fresh perspective on your findings, so you can dig deep and provide new and original ideas from your research. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. The discussion section should have a detailed comparison to researches. Further improvements in relative error parameter optimization of Min Max method may lead to highly efficient MinMax Predictor . The tests are carried out assuming at most 6-8 objects can be visible and can affect the decisions to be made regarding robot traversal(Figure 7). The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. For example, if the purpose of your research was to measure the impact of foreign aid on increasing access to education among the poor in Bangladesh, it would not be appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim or if analysis of other countries was not a part of your original research design. You’re getting there. Papers usually end with a concluding section, often called the “Discussion.” The Discussion is your opportunity to evaluate and interpret the results of your study or paper, draw inferences and conclusions from it, and communicate its contributions to science and/or society. Let’s accept this: Writing a paper is daunting, and sometimes the most difficult and thought-provoking part is writing the ‘discussion’ section. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. Therefore, it is extremely important that a researcher understands how to write the discussion section of a research paper. Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself. Here's how you should write this section: 1. How to write the results and discussion Michael P. Dosch CRNA MS June 2009 Results Be happy! Interpretation is a subjective exercise. It lets you understand the right place for this section in your paper and how big it should be. Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective. 2. In the proposed experiment the Fuzzy logic addresses this problem as it takes uncertain data, processes it and obtains certain and finite data. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper 8 Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper, 8 The When Writing The Discussion section. For each test case average response time is also calculated to find its suitability to real life environment. It is critically important that this is clearly put out to the readers. Begin by discussing the research question and talking about whether it was answered in the research paper based on the results. We asked our writers about the best tips, which may help in completing a research paper conclusion. III. If you want to write a nice discussion paper, you should express different ideas and opinions on the given topic and provide a discussion based on those ideas and opinions. Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. My birthplace essay. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e.g., in future studies, the survey instrument should include more questions that ask..."] or linking to critical issues revealed from the data that were not considered initially in your research. After reading the discussion section, you want the reader to think critically about the results [“why didn't I think of that?”]. Note how the authors link what they did in their paper with "other research that should have been done or that *somebody* should be doing". Highlight any unexpected and/or exciting results 2 Write a paragraph "Discussing Your Findings." These should be suggested in the beginning to avoid questions being asked by critics. Acknowledgements of the Limitations: If the research is on a subject that might have legal limitations or restrictions that might have caused certain imperfections, it should be acknowledged by the researcher before the work is criticized by others later. It is far better for you to identify and acknowledge your study’s limitations than to have them pointed out by your professor! The next big step is to write the discussion. MacCoun, Robert J. However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. Figure 6. illustrates some of the results obtained for path prediction using MOM defuzzification. I. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data. Systematically explain the underlying meaning of your findings and state why you believe they are significant. The predicted Angle and Range values are compared with actual values obtained from real-life environment In most of the cases the predicted values are in the region of the actual measured range and Angle values. The Writing Center. Annesley, Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674. However, you should ask your teacher to know what formatting style is good, for example, specific universities use APA style, but there are also many other styles popular in other universities. Annesley, Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.”, Most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based upon a logical synthesis of the findings, and, to formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem under investigation'. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. Discussing the Findings: Coming to the major part of the findings, the section should interpret the key observations, the analysis of charts and the analysis of tables. The Relevance of the Research: The purpose of every research is to implement the results for the positive development of the relevant subject. The materials, patience among the website since it, in chennai. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations.

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