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hippeastrum reginae common name

hippeastrum reginae common name

Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. Plants may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium. 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. Hippeastrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Spodoptera picta (crinum grub)[69] as well as Pseudococcidae (mealybugs), large, and small narcissus bulb flies (Eumerus strigatus and E. funeralis), thrips, mites, aphids, snails and slugs. "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. [43] This was assumed to be the South African Cape Belladonna, although not precisely known. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. [103], Genus of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about a genus of South American bulbs whose cultivars are commonly sold as, (Monogr. [70][71][72][73] A fungal disease attacking Hippeastrum is Stagonospora curtisii (red blotch, red leaf spot or red fire). In temperate climes these can be placed outside in the summer, and after a dormancy period, be induced to rebloom inside in the winter. [30] This 'equine' connection refers to Carl Linnaeus the Younger who had named (in an unpublished manuscript) a West Indian species as Amaryllis equestris, because of its similarity to the African genus Amaryllis. In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name)[13] for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. Flowers are available in singles, doubles and miniatures. [100][101][102] The widely used logo represents a double image of a head and shoulders as the flower of a growing and vibrant plant. Although most cultivars of Hippeastrum come from the Dutch and South African sources, bulbs are now being developed in the United States, Japan, Israel, India, Brazil and Australia. Bare-root bulbs do best planted in a pot only slightly larger than the circumference of the bulb in well-drained, organic mix (such as sterilized potting soil plus coir fiber, or equal amounts of peat moss, sand and humus), with one third of the bulb visible above the surface of the soil and two thirds buried. de Didot Jeune Edition: 2. éd. It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. No common name has yet been provided in this category. Redouté. They are funnelform (funnel shaped)[21] and declinate (curving downwards and then upwards at the tip)[22] in shape. [86][87][88], Most modern cultivars lack any fragrance although 'Dancing Queen' represents an exception. The androecium consists of six stamens with filiform (thread like) filaments, which are fasciculate (in close bundles) and declinate or ascendent. Common Name(s): hippeastrum [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. When foliage starts to yellow, dormancy can be induced by withholding water and placing the plant in a cool 4–13 °C (39–55 °F) dark place for six to ten weeks or until buds start to show. fil.) The rest of the Amaryllis species he transferred to other genera, several of which he created. Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. Striatfolium. These are light, and easily carried on the surface of water ensuring distribution of the species during the rainy season. Database with pictures, just click this link ! Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . Hippeastrum bulbs can be induced to rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment (cool dry winters). Reginae Reticulatum var. [89] Fragrance is genetically related to flower colour (white, or pastel shades) and is a recessive characteristic, so that when fragrant and non fragrant varieties are crossed, not all progeny will be fragrant, whereas two fragrant progenitors will produce an all fragrant progeny. fil.) [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. Species: Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Blooming takes place about two months after planting. Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. They will need year-round light even inside. Hippeastrum striatum striped Barbados lily Hippeastrum vittatum . The following species were considered threatened or vulnerable by degradation of their natural habitat, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)[75] Red List of Threatened Species[76] in 1997. For temperatures, the Strelitzia reginaelikes it warm in the 70 to 90-degree range. Missouri Bot. This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. Paris Chez l'auteur, an 13-(24), 1805-1816 (i.e. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. Linnaeus was aware in 1738 that several species were called Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the Systema Naturae ed. Hippeastrum … [27] The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. Johnson shared his work with the Liverpool Botanic Garden which was fortunate, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a fire. This section is empty. Commercially, only cultivars that produce at least three bulbils on the mother bulb are used for this form of propagation. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. These two examples are not however typical of the genus, which commonly reproduces through allogamy. The most conspicuous exception is the hybrid obtained through crossbreeding with the Mexican Sprekelia formosissima Herb. Traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae (L.) Salisb. The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. [78], After planting, sprouting requires a warm place (about 20 °C). English. [77], Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. Debate about the true name of this plant, grown from a large sized bulb, has raged for centuries (literally) and the eventual winner was Hippeastrum. Overview. Hortus Camdenensis | Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. The anthers are dorsifixed or versatile. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. The genus Hippeastrum has about 90 species and hundreds of cultivars. Les liliacées. In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. Avoid direct sunlight to prevent scorching its leaves. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. As such they have a very important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. also has detailed information on botanic features such as leaf and flower and fruit with glossaries describing the terms. The cultivar 'Clown' (Double Galaxy Group)[93] (white with red stripes) has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. The perianth segments are subequal or unequal. [2]Bildgalleri 0. In 1938 Johannes Cornelius Theodorus Uphof (JCT Uphof) claimed, with some evidence,[40] that the plant was in fact the South American Hippeastrum equestre (Linn. Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. [52] The genus is thought to have originated in Brazil where at least 34 of the species have been found. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. [67] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.[30]. The major US contribution came from the work of Henry Nehrling and Theodore Mead, whose hybrids crossed with Dutch stock have produced some modern hybrids, although not matching the European strains. Herb. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. Some bulbs put up two flower scapes at the same time; others may wait several weeks between blooms and sometimes the second scape will have only two or three flowers rather than the usual four. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The genus has been intensely bred and cultivated since the early nineteenth century to produce large colourful showy flowers. Hippeastrum (/ˌhɪpiːˈæstrəm/)[17] is a genus of about 90 species and over 600 hybrids and cultivars of perennial herbaceous bulbous plants. Although many names are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g. [80][70][81][82] Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). The two families of bulbs have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits. [66][verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds. The fruit forms a trivalve capsule containing seeds which are dry, flattened, obliquely winged or irregularly discoid, hardly ever turgid, and globose (spherical) or subglobose, with a brown or black phytomelanous testa.[28]. Seeds Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. However, in 1795 William Curtis, described Amaryllis equestris or the Barbados lily in his Botanical Magazine, referring to Aiton: "The spatha is composed of two leaves, which standing up at a certain period of the plant's flowering like ears, give to the whole flower a fancied resemblance of a horse's head; whether LINNÆUS derived his name of equestris from this circumstance or not, he does not condescend to inform us."[32]. [3], The second issue is whether the name should be Leopoldia. Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar candimine)[95] and psychopharmacological activity due to their high alkaloid content. 2 (1762). Many say this is the best hybrid on the market. The history is complex, so just below this stunning photo is a … Amaryllis is the common name for these plants, however, it is also the genus for another type of bulb from the same family (Amaryllidaceae) native to South Africa. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Thus Amaryllis L. is the correct name for the South African genus, not the South American genus (Hippeastrum). If the latter, the correct name for the genus Hippeastrum would then be Amaryllis and a new name would need to be found for the South African genus. Overview . Sometimes also known as St Joseph's Lily, it has a slight spicy fragrance. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) [14][48] Although Leopoldia was subsequently validated (i.e., became the correct name), this was overlooked, and Hippeastrum rather than Leopoldia was used for the genus of New World amaryllids. [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. They generally have large fleshy bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen, and large red or purple flowers. Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. Hippeastrum reginae Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. Common Names for Amaryllis. × Hippeastrelia is the name given to this cross.[30][52][53][54]. (awtor)|Herb.]]. Amaryllis striata var. This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. [70], Twin scales Plenty of bright indirect light will keep the Strelitzia reginae happy with plenty of blooms. [23] The tepals are united at the base to form a short tube, usually with a rudimentary scaly paraperigonium[24] with fimbriae[25] or a callose ridge present at the throat. Overwatering will cause bulb and root rot. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . Variable spring or summer flowering bulbous perennial with strap-shaped leaves and up to 4 funnel-shaped, drooping, bright red flowers with a large green-white stain in the throat, the lobes to 13cm across, on a stem to 50cm long. [70], Bulbils Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. [39], The taxonomy of the genus is complicated. Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Nurseries may list Amaryllis bulbs as being 'Dutch', 'Israeli', 'Peruvian' etc., depending on the country of origin. Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils. The technique of plant tissue culture in vitro improves the propagation of Hippeastrum by decreasing the time required to reach the minimum size to start the reproductive cycle, using sections of bulbs grown in artificial media with the addition of plant hormones. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Herbert's fourteen species included this Hippeastrum equestre. Brief The leaves represent the protection, purpose, growth and development of the Huntington's community worldwide in its search for a cure and treatment. Description. Seeds do not breed true. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas Hippeastrum reginae [1] är en amaryllisväxtart som först beskrevs av Carl von Linné, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Herb.. Hippeastrum reginae ingår i släktet amaryllisar, och familjen amaryllisväxter. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). Taxonomy. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands,[71] and South Africa,[52] other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). Although this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it is widely used by colonising species. His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. [35] The Latin word equestris (of a knight, or horseman) may have been confused with equi (of a horse), or possibly Herbert was making a literary knight's move on the Linnaean term. [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). Reproduction is generally by allogamy (cross-pollination) and Hippeastrum may be propagated by seed or offset bulbils (bulblets), although commercial ventures use in vitro techniques, or splitting of the bulb into sections. [52] Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. (St James's lily, Aztec lily, Jacobean lily), another member of the tribe Hippeastreae, originally called Amaryllis formosissima, which is apomictic. [28] Their habitat is mainly tropical and subtropical, though those species found south of the equator, or at sufficient altitude may be considered temperate.

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