Using our models, we analyze the roles of different respiratory neuron types and their interconnections for the respiratory rhythm and pattern generation. with voltage-dependent pacemaker-like properties were identified in this region. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. New biophysically realistic mathematical models of the hybrid pacemaker–network have been developed that illustrate these concepts and provide a computational framework for investigating interactions of cellular and network processes that must be analyzed to understand rhythm generation. This landmark work, with its broad scope and interdisciplinary coverage, has become an essential reference and learning tool for everyone involved in the study of the brain and how it mediates behavior. Thesis (S.B.) Proposed interconnections among these groups are based substantially on previous physiological findings. PDF | On Jan 1, 2009, Marc D Binder published Encyclopedia of Neuroscience | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It is therefore concluded that, based on reasonable assumptions, the proposed hypothesis will produce oscillations similar to those of respiration. Subjects are injected with water (or sugars) labeled with a radioactive, positron-emitting isotope (such as oxygen-15, whose nuclei are manufactured to contain the normal eight protons but onl… Preface Neuroscience is a rapidly expanding endeavor devoted to unraveling the structure and function of the nervous system. was identified. Encyclopedia of neuroscience. The difference between the two-phase models concerns the mechanism for ramp firing patterns of E2 neurons resulting either from the intrinsic neuronal properties of the E2 neuron or from disinhibition from the adapting dec-E neuron. Additional CRPG models were developed employing a dual switching neuron that generates two bursts per respiratory cycle to terminate both inspiration and expiration. The results suggest mechanisms by which the duration of each phase of breathing and neuronal discharge patterns may be regulated. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. The resulting hybrid of cellular pacemaker and network properties functionally endows the system with multiple mechanisms of rhythm generation. Thus, the respiratory rhythm in the mammalian Dr. M Binder is a well known international expert on sensorimotor physiology. Livraison en Europe à 1 centime seulement ! Our data demonstrate that an ion channel, hSlo1, is internally and posttranslationally myristoylated. These results demonstrate the feasibility of generating the respiratory rhythm with a simple neural network based on observed respiratory neuronal groups. PDF | On Jan 1, 2009, G. Fink published Encyclopedia of Neuroscience | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Rhythmogenesis persisted when the strength of each set of connections was increased 100% over a smaller effective value. S.B. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Since dendritic patterning is critical for neuronal information processing, these results suggest an important aspect of MAGUK functions in cortical development. The Encyclopedia of Neuroscience is intended to catalog and explicate the rich, diverse subject matter of the discipline and to facilitate communication among its subspecialties. The widely held belief in a central role of left parietal lesions for apraxia can be traced back to Liepmann's model of a posterior to anterior stream converting mental images of intended action into motor execution. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. The basis of the oscillator is a mutual inhibition between early-burst inspiratory, propriobulbar neurons and Bötzinger complex expiratory, bulbospinal neurons, with only the early burst inspiratory neurons possessing adaptive properties. II. Rhythm generation was eliminated by removal of only this region. PET is based on radioactive decayof positrons (positively charged electrons). Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of, The Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition develops from the first edition, covering all areas of neurological sciences through over 1000 entries focused on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience.
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