White Mulberry Morus alba Mulberry family (Moraceae) Description: This tree is 30-60' tall, forming a short trunk that is often crooked and a globoid crown with abundant branches. Good shade tree. Purdue University. Morus alba 'Pendula' A cultivar of the white mulberry grafted on a stem. The stamens act as catapults, releasing stored elastic energy in just 25 µs. Morus alba 'Stribling' Fruitless Mulberry. Morus alba L. Show All Show Tabs white mulberry General Information; Symbol: MOAL Group: Dicot Family: Moraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: CAN I HI I L48 I: Characteristics: Plant Guide. Width: 30 - 45 feet. Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year. The flowers are single-sex catkins; male catkins are 2–3.5 cm (0.8–1.4 in) long, and female catkins 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) long. , White mulberry leaves are the preferred feedstock for silkworms, and are also cut for food for livestock (cattle, goats, etc.) Forms broad, rounded canopy. Center for New Crops & Plant Products. Where is this species invasive in the US. Flowers Inconspicuous. Morus alba L. White Mulberry. Best grown in rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Has Deciduous foliage. Rounded or Vase Shape. Foliage The alternate leaves are polymorphic (variably shaped), 2-8 in.  The species has become a popular lawn tree across the desert cities of the southwestern United States, prized for its shade and also for its cylindrical berry clusters composed of sweet, purplish-white fruits. Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Male and female flowers are usually on separate trees although they may occur on the same tree. On young, vigorous shoots, the leaves may be up to 30 cm (12 in) long, and deeply and intricately lobed, with the lobes rounded. Appearance Morus alba is a small, 30-50 ft. (9.1-15.2 m) tall, deciduous tree that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States. Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall. Extremely precocious, self fruiting, and heavy yielding over much of the summer. Zone 3- 8. It has been grown widely from the Indian subcontinent west through Afghanistan and Iran to southern Europe for over a thousand years for leaves to feed silkworms. Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of mulberry (Morus alba L.) fruit in hyperlipidaemia rats Yang X., Yang L., Zheng H. Mulberry fruit protects dopaminergic neurons in toxin-induced Parkinson's disease models. Messy fruit may be a concern. Morus Alba Platanifolia -Mulberry Tree. Species trees often appear unkempt. Spreading with a High Canopy. Morus alba 'Fruitless' - Fruitless Mulberry Rapid growing, rounded, broadleaf, deciduous tree Height to 60' - Spread to 60' Likes sun Hardy to about -5°F Prune to shape Large shade tree Heat and alkali tolerant Other common names: Russian mulberry, white mulberry. the plant is a tree Leaf type the leaf blade is simple (i.e., lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets) Leaves per node there is one leaf per node along the stem Leaf blade edges ... Morus alba … Many gardeners do not consider this tree to have ornamental or fruiting interest. The white mulberry is widely cultivated to feed the silkworms employed in the commercial production of silk. This cultivar has interesting foliage, with oversized heart shaped leaves. It is generally a short-lived tree with a lifespan comparable to that of humans, although there are some specimens known to be over 250 years old. Introduced M. alba has been found to be associated with invasion events in Oregon and Virgina (USA) and South Africa ( Haysom and Murphy, 2003 ). Your content is now stored within your company organization. Lucky is the child who has a weeping mulberry tree (Morus alba "Pendula") to transform into a playhouse, fort, castle or spaceship. On older trees, the leaves are generally 5–15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) long, unlobed, cordate at the base and rounded to acuminate at the tip, and serrated on the margins. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Morus alba NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. , Two varieties of Morus alba are recognized:, Cultivation of white mulberry for silkworms began over four thousand years ago in China. Kim H.G., Ju M.S., Shim J.S., Kim M.C., Lee S.H., Huh Y., Kim S.Y., Oh M.S. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. It is generally a short-lived tree with a lifespan comparable to that of humans, although there are some specimens known to be over 250 years old. M. alba is a multipurpose tree widely planted in tropical, subtropical and mild temperate regions of the world for fodder and silkworm rearing, and for fruit and timber production (Gupta, 1993). (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States) Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important Genus Morus are deciduous trees and shrubs with broadly ovate, sometimes deeply lobed leaves and inconspicuous green flowers followed by usually edible white, red or black fruit Details 'Pendula' is a small, strongly weeping tree with heart-shaped, slightly glossy leaves and white fruits ripening to … They are clothed with heart-shaped, glossy dark green leaves, that may turn a pleasing yellow in fall. Tolerates heat, drought and a somewhat wide range of soils, including alkaline ones. Forms heavy surface roots. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: MOAL: Plant Notes: White Mulberry is an introduced deciduous tree in the Mulberry family (Moraceae). It can grow on most soils. White mulberry is usually dioecious (separate male and female trees), but sometimes is monoecious. Flowers in Spring. , The species is now extensively planted and widely naturalized throughout the warm temperate world. The industry never materialized, but the mulberry variety is now used as an ornamental tree where shade is desired without the fruit. The species is native to northern China and India , and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, Turkey, Iran, etc. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). Trees were introduced into North America in colonial times in an effort to establish a silk industry. Fruits ripen to white or pink, but sometimes to darker reds or purple-blacks. It enjoys warmth and is an ideal mulberry tree for growing in the southern United States. In 2002, 6,260 km2 of land were devoted to the species in China.  A weeping cultivar of white mulberry, Morus alba 'Pendula', is a popular ornamental plant. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 2009 64:2 (116-121), Neutralization of local and systemic toxicity of, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The thickest, tallest, and oldest white mulberry trees (Morus alba)", http://old.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Morus_alba.PDF, SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter, Schaffner, John H. 1919. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Seedless. NewCROP: University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Yavapai County, Plants That May Cause Allergies in Yavapai County, "Kuwanon G: an antibacterial agent from the root bark of Morus alba against oral pathogens", "Effects of Mulberry on the Central Nervous System: A Literature Review", "Effects of Mulberry Fruit (Morus alba L.) Consumption on Health Outcomes: A Mini-Review", "Phytopharmacological potential of different species of Morus alba and their bioactive phytochemicals: A review", Morton Arboretum: Diagnostic photos of white mulberry tree (acc. , Morus alba is a traditional Chinese medicine that contains alkaloids and flavonoids that are bioactive compounds. Morus alba (White Mulberry) An attractive medium-sized tree, occasionally grown as a shrub, with an open and upright crown of tangled branches.
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